Nuclear criticality experiments from 1943 to 1978

an annotated bibliography
  • 3.45 MB
  • English
Dept. of Energy, Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, for sale by the National Technical Information Service] , Livermore, Calif, [Springfield, Va
Criticality (Nuclear engineering) -- Bibliog
StatementBrian L. Koponen, Thomas P. Wilcox, Viktor E. Hampel
SeriesUCRL ; 52769 vol.3
ContributionsWilcox, Thomas P., joint author, Hampel, Viktor E., joint author, Lawrence Livermore Laboratory
The Physical Object
Paginationv. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14885256M

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Nuclear criticality experiments from to an annotated bibliography. Volume 1. Main listing. Technical Report Koponen, B.L.; Wilcox, T.P.; Hampel, V.E. The bibliography contains citations from the literature of critical and near-critical nuclear experiments.

It provides an up-to-date index to reports containing useful data for. This compilation contains complete summaries of papers on nuclear criticality safety as presented at meetings of the American Nuclear Society (ANS). The selected papers contain criticality parameters for fissile materials derived from experiments and calculations, as well as criticality safety Author: B.L.

Koponen, V.E.

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Hampel. Mar 21,  · Nuclear Criticality Safety: Theory and Practice [Ronald Allen Knief] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Knief, Ronald AllenCited by: How to Cite.

Martin, J. () Nuclear Criticality, in Physics for Radiation Protection, Third Edition, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co.

KGaA, Weinheim, Germany. doi. vii PREFACE This document is the second revision of A Review of Criticality Accidents. The first was issued as report LA in and authored by William R.

Stratton.1 At that time, he was a staff member in the Critical Experiments Group at Los Alamos and a member of the Atomic.

Nuclear criticality safety is the prevention of nuclear chain reactions in fissile materials outside of reactors. This book presents the underlying principles of nuclear criticality safety theory along with descriptions of the principal methods currently used and their in-plant applications.

Exercises are provided at the end of each chapter to increase understanding of the text. A nuclear excursion of approximately 6 X 10 17 fissions occurred in a first-cycle product evaporator at a chemical processing plant.

The criticality accident resulted when a solution of enriched uranyl nitrate accidentally surged from a geometrically safe section of the evaporator into the upper critically unsafe, vapor disengagement section. During an experiment on August 21,Daghlian was attempting to build a neutron reflector manually by stacking a set of kilogram ( lb) tungsten carbide bricks in an incremental fashion around a plutonium core.

The purpose of the neutron reflector was to reduce the mass required for the plutonium core to attain of death: Radiation poisoning. Part of Z-Library project. The world's largest ebook library. New post "Full-text search for articles, highlighting downloaded books, view pdf in a browser and download history correction" in our blog.

High Flux Australian Reactor, a 10 MW DIDO class reactor in Lucas Heights, New South Wales that produced nuclear medicine (approximately half a million doses a year) for the diagnosis and treatment of major diseases such as cancer and heart disease.

HIFAR also produced neutron beams for research, particularly neutron diffraction analysis of crystal structures, and irradiation facilities for. A Brief History of Nuclear Criticality Accidents in Russia - - G. Vargo. PNNL What Has Happened to the Survivors of the Early Los Alamos Nuclear Accidents.

LA-UR A Review of Criticality Accidents. McLaughlin et al. LA Radiation Doses in the Pajarito Accident of May 21, LA The demon core was a spherical kilogram (14 lb) subcritical mass of plutonium 89 millimetres ( in) in diameter, that was involved in two criticality accidents, on August 21, and May 21, The core was intended for use in a third nuclear weapon, but remained in.

Unfortunately, this book can't be printed from the OpenBook. If you need to print pages from this book, we recommend downloading it as a PDF. Visit to get more information about this book, to buy it in print, or to download it as a free PDF. Below is the uncorrected machine-read text.

Feb 01,  · what is criticality. The science, the conditions, the effects and 4 of the 10 critical accident briefly talked about, the danger of fissile materials. A criticality accident is an uncontrolled nuclear fission chain is sometimes referred to as a critical excursion, a critical power excursion, or a divergent chain reaction.

Any such event involves the unintended accumulation or arrangement of a critical mass of fissile material, for example enriched uranium or jacksonmealsmatter.comality accidents can release potentially fatal radiation. The worst nuclear accident to date was the Chernobyl disaster which occurred in in accident killed 31 people directly and damaged approximately $7 billion of property.

A study published in by the World Health Organization estimates that there may eventually be up to 4, additional cancer deaths related to the accident among those exposed to significant radiation levels. May 21,  · Louis Slotin, a Canadian physicist, was showing his colleagues how to bring the exposed core of a nuclear weapon nearly to the point of criticality, a tricky operation known as “tickling the.

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Guidance document GD, Guidance for Nuclear Criticality Safety provides information on how the requirements set out in regulatory document RD, Nuclear Criticality Safety may be met, including the minimum physical constraints and limits on fissionable materials to ensure nuclear criticality safety.

Louis Alexander Slotin (1 December – 30 May ) was a Canadian physicist and chemist who took part in the Manhattan was born and raised in the North End of Winnipeg, earning both his Bachelor of Science and Master of Science degrees from the University of Manitoba, Slotin attended King's College London, where he obtained his doctorate in physical chemistry in Born: Louis Alexander Slotin, 1 December.

@article{osti_, title = {Nuclear criticality safety experiments, calculations, and analyses - to Volume 2. Summaries. Complilation of papers from the Transactions of the American Nuclear Society}, author = {Koponen, B.L. and Hampel, V.E.}, abstractNote = {This compilation contains complete summaries of papers on nuclear criticality safety as presented at meetings of the.

Plutonium Array Experiments. As part of the DOE/NCSP subtask on "Information Preservation and Dissemination," the original Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory experimental logbooks for the array experiments with 3 kg and 6 kg alpha-phase plutonium metal billets have been digitally scanned and made available here.

Enroll in registry of criticality safety professionals. Enroll in NCSP hands-on training courses. Explore self-study criticality safety training modules. Explore criticality safety key references and handbooks. Submit a Nuclear Data Request. Acquire NCSP criticality safety codes.

Acknowledgements to NCSP. The Nuclear Facility Safety Program establishes and maintains the DOE requirements for nuclear criticality safety. The DOE detailed requirements for criticality safety are contained in Section of the DOE OrderFacility Safety. Criticality safety requirements are based on the documented safety analysis required by 10 CFRSubpart B.

Since LAMS was issued, a more complete criticality bibliography was published by Brian L. Koponen, Thomas P. Wilcox, and Viktor E. Hampel of the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory. It is UCRL, Vols. 1, 2, and 3, entitled, “Nuclear Criticality Experiments from to Jul 27,  · The Experimental Nuclear Reactor Secretly Built Under the University of Chicago Chicago Pile-1, the first reactor to reach criticality, was built under a football Eric Grundhauser.

None more so than "tickling the dragon's tail," the criticality experiments that were conducted at Omega Site at Los Alamos. In fact, two young scientists lost their lives in separate incidents while working on this experiment: Harry K.

Description Nuclear criticality experiments from 1943 to 1978 FB2

Daghlian, Jr. and Louis P. Slotin. Atomic Accidents. LA Reference Set Nuclear Criticality Safety Guide. TID, Revision 2,” US Nuclear Regulatory Commission report NUREG/CR ORNL/NUREG/CSD-6 (). “Nuclear Safety Guide,” US Atomic Energy Commission report TID, Rev.

I (). Lloyd and T. Koyama, “Criticality Experiments with Mixed Plutonium. and assist research on, and the development and practical application of, nuclear energy for peaceful purposes.

It includes reports and guides on the status of and advances in technology, and on experience, good practices and practical examples in the areas of nuclear power, the nuclear fuel cycle, radioactive waste management and decommissioning. Dec 03,  · Joe Lenhard, retired Department of Energy official, had responsibility for the Oak Ridge Critical Experiment Facility.

Joe has continued to hold up this facility as one of the key elements in today's nuclear criticality safety program world-wide. Sep 10,  · On September 11,55 years ago tomorrow, a national catastrophe was unfolding, one you likely have never heard about before.

At the Rocky Flats nuclear .Trinity Atomic Home -> Los Alamo Tech Reports--> Criticality Experiment and Accident Reports Water Boiler Reactor Status report on the water boiler reactor (MB)[email protected]{osti_, title = {Eastern gas shales bibliography selected annotations: gas, oil, uranium, etc.

Citations in bituminous shales worldwide}, author = {Hall, V.S.}, abstractNote = {This bibliography contains citations, most of which are annotated. They are arranged by author in numerical order with a geographical index following the listing.